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Wednesday, June 29, 2011

Colonel Pointer's Civil War Timeline

The photo above shows some members of Old Company B, 9th Miss Inf at Pensacola, Fla. 
March 27, 1861: Joins what became known as Old Company B, 9th Miss Inf. Regt was sent to Pensacola, Fla., where it took part in a raid on a Union camp at Santa Rosa, Island on Oct. 9, 1861.

June 3, 1862: 12 month Confederate enlistment expires. No evidence that he fought at Shiloh. Last date he is present in Old Co. B was March 31, 1862. Shiloh was one week later. 

July 20, 1862: Joins staff of Gen. Joe Wheeler at Holly Springs, Miss., as a volunteer ADC.

Sept-Oct, 1862: Wheeler mentions that he took part in the cavalry charges around the Battle of Perryville, Ky. Wounded near Little Rock Castle, Ky., on or about Oct. 18. Wound was a rifle bullet to the leg. Hospitalized. Relieved of duty Oct .31, 1862.

Jan. 29, 1863: Promotion to1st lieutenant by request of Gen. Wheeler. Confirmed on Apr. 30, 1863, and back-dated to Jan. 29. Date of acceptance, June 13, 1863.

June 27, 1863. Participates in Wheeler's defense of Duck River bridge, Shelbyville, Tenn. Made the leap into the river and possibly wounded.

July1-Nov.1,1863: Draws rations for two horses. "In the field." Near Chattanooga, Tenn. In Nov., a voucher shows he was reimbursed $600.00 for the price of a horse, at Cleveland, Tenn.

Sept.-Oct., 1863: Took part in the cavalry fighting around Chickamauga, and the raid  known as Wheeler and Roddy'sRaid, which ended up in Lawrence County, Ala. Captured a flag from a fleeing Union cavalry trooper after killing the man. Mentioned in the diary of Ellen Virginia Saunders, Oct., 1863. 

Nov. 14, 1863. Takes part in attack on Union forces at Maryville, Tenn. Possibly wounded. Was cut off, but managed to shoot his way out by riding through a Union regiment coming to the support of a Kentucky regiment that Wheeler had scattered and captured.

Dec. 28, 1863: Nearly captured, wounded and escaped his captors at Charleston, Tenn., during Wheeler's attempt to capture a Union supply train.

Modern map of Hiawassee River at Charleston, Tennessee

Jan. 31, 1864: Records show him on leave. Most likely at home recuperating from the wound to his chest.

Apr. 23, 1864: Skirmish at Nickajack Trace, Ga. Appears to have been in charge of conducting the prisoners to Wheeler's HQ at Tunnel Hill. Allegations made after the war that he shot two prisoners for not running fast enough to keep up with the mounted Confederates. No proof ever offered and no action ever taken.Wheeler conducted an investigation which showed none of his staff officers had acted improperly.

There are no records until July 1864, a gap which may be explained by the wound received at Charleston, Tenn., in December 1863.

July 7, 1864: Recommended  for promotion to major of a cavalry battalion, but no action was taken by the Confederate government.

July 11, 1864: Delivers a dispatch to one of Wheeler's division commanders near Atlanta, Ga.

Aug-Sept., 1864: Most likely participated in Wheeler's raid into Tennessee.

Nov., 1864: Promoted to lieutenant colonel of 12th Ala Cav. Col. Warren Reese was named colonel of the regiment, but seems never to have reported back to Wheeler's HQ in South Carolina. Major Ingram was captured at LaVergne, Tenn., on or about Sept. 1, 1864 during Wheeler's Middele Tennessee Raid. This left Pointer in virtual command of the regiment, which was approved on April 1, 1865, with his promotion to full colonel.

Dec. 24, 1864: Reports with 12th Ala Cav to Gen. R.H. Anderson at Hardeeville, SC.

Feb 9, 1865: Wounded near Blackville, SC, most likely in the skirmish at Holman's Bridge on the South Fork Edisto River. 

See Branchville, lower center, then move to the left to find Blackville. Bamberg, between the two, has a street named after Holman's Bridge.

April 1, 1865: Promoted to full colonel.

April 23, 1865: Surrenders at home in Holly Springs, Miss.

July 9, 1865: Paroled.

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